Open Access

One-level density of families of elliptic curves and the Ratios Conjecture

Research in Number Theory20151:6

https://doi.org/10.1007/s40993-015-0005-7

Received: 12 March 2015

Accepted: 13 March 2015

Published: 9 July 2015

Abstract

Using the Ratios Conjecture as introduced by Conrey, Farmer and Zirnbauer, we obtain closed formulas for the one-level density for two families of L-functions attached to elliptic curves, and we can then determine the underlying symmetry types of the families. The one-level scaling density for the first family corresponds to the orthogonal distribution as predicted by the conjectures of Katz and Sarnak, and the one-level scaling density for the second family is the sum of the Dirac distribution and the even orthogonal distribution. This is a new phenomenon for a family of curves with odd rank: the trivial zero at the central point accounts for the Dirac distribution, and also affects the remaining part of the scaling density which is then (maybe surprisingly) the even orthogonal distribution. The one-level density for this family was studied in the past for test functions with Fourier transforms of limited support, but since the Fourier transforms of the even orthogonal and odd orthogonal distributions are undistinguishable for small support, it was not possible to identify the distribution with those techniques. This can be done with the Ratios Conjecture, and it sheds more light on “independent” and “non-independent” zeroes, and the repulsion phenomenon.